In the last article, we are already explained in detail about the relationship between anthropometry and the military field. And it turns out that, it is one of the crucial measurement to do. We can learn from some developed countries, such as the United States, Britain, India, Iran, and others. Anthropometric measurements are performed not only once but periodically according to the data requirements. While in Indonesia itself, it seems that anthropometric measurements are still something that is rarely done. This can be concluded with the lack of literacy associated with anthropometric measurements in the military.
On this occasion, we will raise the topic of anthropometric measurements required in the military field. Before discussing further on this topic, we will first explain the function and purpose of anthropometric measurements in the military area, as follows:
1. Functioning as Data on the Manufacture of Mass Products in the Military
One of the functions of anthropometric measurement is as a reference in the design of military clothing or equipment. The use of body measurements in the design of military clothing and equipment contributes to achieving satisfactory compatibility. This is useful to reduce the total mass of the assembly. The anthropometric data also serves to maximize the range of body movements, integration, and compatibility of each element. Or in other words, clothing products are expected to be useful ergonomically.
2. Ensuring the Compatibility of Anthropometry Devices with Users
Besides this, anthropometry is also one of the crucial things in the manufacture of military equipment and facilities. For example, in the Air Force Military. Anthropometry is one of the vital tools for determining the selection of military pilots. The aviation military chose each of its members with strict anthropometric criteria. Why is that? According to a journal entitled ‘Static anthropometry: Current practice to determine aircrew aircraft compatibility.’ The selection is intended to ensure aircraft compatibility with aircraft crews during training without sacrificing individual comfort and safety.
3. Reducing the potential for musculoskeletal disorders
One of the diseases that often attacks the army is musculoskeletal disorders. This disorder is a condition of dysfunction in ligaments, muscles, nerves, joints, and tendons, and the spine. Anthropometric measurements are used to minimize interruptions that may occur early. According to a journal named “The Rate of Musculoskeletal Pathology Assessment for Military Personnel and Civil Population,” musculoskeletal has social and economic consequences. Often military workers cannot fulfill specific tasks and are forced to stop working before their retirement age. This is, of course, detrimental because it causes early termination of employment from military service.
Measurement of Anthropometry in the Military Field
Some of these are why it is essential to use anthropometry science in the military. Then? In what measurements are usually done? We summarize measurements that are averaged used to measure body anthropometry in the military field.
|1||Abdominal Extension Depth, Sitting|
|4||Acromial Height, Sitting|
|10||Axilla-Waist Length (Omphalion)|
|11||Ball Of Foot Circumference|
|12||Ball Of Foot Length|
|14||Biceps Circumference Flexed|
|18||Bitragion Chin Arc|
|19||Bitragion Submandibular Arc|
|29||Cervicale Height, Sitting|
|34||Chest Height, Sitting|
|35||Chest-Waist Drop (Omphalion)|
|38||Crotch Length Anterior (Omphalion)|
|39||Crotch Length Omphalion|
|40||Crotch Length Posterior Omphalion|
|42||Dactylion Reach from Wall|
|46||Elbow Rest Height|
|47||Elbow Rest Height, Standing|
|50||Eye Height, Sitting|
|51||Foot Breadth Horizontal|
|53||Forearm Circumference Flexed|
|54||Forearm-Center Of Grip Length|
|57||Functional Grip Reach|
|58||Functional Leg Length|
|64||Heel Ankle Circumference|
|67||Hip Breadth, Sitting|
|72||Knee Height Midpatella|
|73||Knee Height, Sitting|
|74||Lateral Femoral Epicondyle Height|
|75||Lateral Malleolus Height|
|76||Lower Thigh Circumference|
|80||Neck Circumference Base|
|83||Overhead Fingertip Reach, Sitting|
|92||Shoulder-Waist Length (Omph)|
|95||Sleeve Length Spine-Wrist|
|100||Suprasternale Height, Sitting|
|101||Suprasternale-Tenth Rib Length|
|102||Suprasternale-Waist (Omph) Length|
|103||Tenth Rib Height|
|111||Tragion Height, Sitting|
|112||Tragion-Top Of Head|
|114||Vertical Grip Reach|
|115||Vertical Grip Reach Down|
|116||Vertical Grip Reach, Sitting|
|117||Vertical Index Fingertip Reach|
|118||Vertical Index Fingertip Reach, Sitting|
|119||Vertical Thumbtip Reach, Sitting|
|120||Vertical Trunk Circumference (USA)|
|121||Waist Back Length Omphalion|
|122||Waist Back, Vertical (Omphalion)|
|124||Waist Circumference Omphalion|
|126||Waist Front Length, Sitting|
|127||Waist Height Omphalion|
|128||Waist-Buttock Drop (Omphalion)|
|129||Waist-Waist (Omph) Over Shoulder|
Source: 2012 Anthropometric Survey of U.S. Army Personnel: Methods and Summary Statistics
Some measurements on U.S Army Personnel, as follows:
That’s 132 measurements taken to measure the anthropometry of military soldiers. However, more or less, these measurements are adjusted according to how much data is needed. Therefore, the measurement data can still be changed. Next, we will briefly explain what anthropometric measuring devices are used.
Anthropometric Measuring Instruments for Proper Military Measurement
To get the appropriate measurement data, of course, we need the proper measurement tools to use. The anthropometry kit below is a type of anthropometric kit used to measure anthropometry at the U.S Army Personnel.
The anthropometry includes inefficient anthropometry because of the different parts. Here is the right anthropometric kit to use. This anthropometric tool is especially more modern and can be applied more efficiently.
Portable Anthropometry Kit
A portable anthropometry kit is an anthropometric measuring instrument made from stainless steel. The anthropometry kit consists of several anthropometric kit tools used in the military such as:
- Sliding Block (Beam Calliper)
- Small Spreading Calliper
- Sliding Calliper
These four tools have been able to help all the measurements needed above. These four tools consist of a Complete Set Series package. But, of course, the appropriate measuring tape is still used. Our company sells modern anthropometry kits, equipped with suitcases that are useful for carrying the tool whenever and wherever. The following are some illustrations of measurements made with the Portable Anthropometry Kit.
How do you get an Anthropometry Measurement Tool for the Military?
If you are looking for an anthropometric kit that is right for the military field. Our company provides anthropometric equipment capable of carrying out all the measurements above. Besides, our tools are native to Indonesia. More than 90 percent of the components come from Indonesia.
If you need our products, don’t hesitate to contact us directly through our official WhatsApp. Or please click on the link beside it. Also, you can instantly fill in the ask for price.
Don’t worry, if you are still in doubt, or have questions regarding our products. You can consult for FREE through our WhatsApp or by email in our contact us page. Contact us now and get the best deals on anthropometry kits in Indonesia.