Occupational Health and Safety has always been a non-priority issue among workers in Indonesia. Both the Government and Industry are currently still focusing on normative issues such as the minimum wage amount. The bad portrait of K3 in the work environment in Indonesia not only has an impact on increasing the number of accidents, but also has an impact on decreasing productivity in the industry. The Indonesian government is trying to improve OHS testing in industrial environments by updating the OHS Standards, placing ergonomics as one of them. How is Ergonomics and OHS related? Check out the following information!
4 Factors of Occupational Health and Safety Testing
Occupational Health and Safety is a right that must be accepted by every individual in the work environment. However, in reality Indonesia is referred to as a country that neglects occupational health and safety. This is based on research conducted by the Intelligence Service for Environmental Compliance From Japan to The World. Indonesia is referred to as a country with poor progress in implementing occupational health and safety.
The causes of the poor implementation of OHS in Indonesia start from the lack of awareness of industrial managers, the application of OHS which requires additional funds to the lack of government evaluation of occupational health and safety in various work environments. The Government of Indonesia has committed to increasing OSH testing with Ministry of Man Power Regulations No. 5 article 23 of 2018. The regulation explains new guidelines regarding the threshold value (NAV) for physical and chemical factors, standards for biological, ergonomic, and psychological factors as well as hygiene and sanitation requirements, including indoor air quality for the realization of a safe, healthy, and comfortable workplace.
Read More : The Importance of Occupational Health Safety
Ergonomic Factor in Occupational Health Safety (OHS)
Basically, the purpose of ergonomics is to create a safe, comfortable and healthy working environment and supporting instruments. This means that this is in line with the principles of Occupational Health and Safety (OHS). The OHS principle is closely related to regulations that ensure the health and safety of workers in the work environment. Although basically, each institution has different regulations in the application of K3. Like the manufacturing industry, which prioritizes chemical factors that are not prioritized by government institutions. However, ergonomics is a factor that must be applied in all work environments, from institutions to construction environments.
Ergonomics factor in work safety is projected to create and harmonize tools, methods, processes and work environment to human ability to avoid work accidents. However, before that, it is necessary to know 3 work components, namely Work Capacity, Workload and Work Environment. If all three are in harmony, they will achieve a safe and healthy work environment and can increase productivity.
Ergonomics Testing in a Work Environment With Anthropometry
With the alignment of regulations by the Government and the OHS Principles, both industry and institutions should test the most important factor in OHS in all sectors, namely Ergonomics with anthropometric measurements. Anthropometric measurements will adjust the dimensions of the human body which will then estimate the workload and work support instruments.
Anthropometric data is indispensable for the design of equipment and work environments. The comfort of using the tool depends on the suitability of the tool size with the size of the human body. If the size of the tool does not match the size of the human body, then in a certain period of time it will result in uncomfortable use and stress on the body.
Anthropometric data is indispensable for the design of equipment and work environments. The convenience of using the tool depends on the suitability of the tool size with the size of the human body. If the size of the tool does not match the size of the human body, then within a certain period of time it will result in uncomfortable use and body stress, including fatigue, pain, dizziness.
Ergonomic testing through anthropometric measurements in Indonesia itself can be carried out by government institutions such as:
- Labor Inspection Technical Implementation Unit
- The Directorate of Occupational Safety and Health and the Technical Implementation Unit for the OHS Sector
- Regional Technical Implementation Unit (UPTD) in charge of OHS Testing services.
Read More : Two Design Dimensions in Ergonomics Practicum
Portable Anthropometry, Ergonomic Measurement Tool For Testing Work Safety
Portable Anthropometry is an anthropometric measuring instrument that can measure more than 100 dimensions of the human body in a standing to sitting position. With the data generated by Portable Anthropometry, the industry can find out the work environment and supporting instruments that are suitable for the workload so that occupational health and safety can be achieved. The reason is that the application of Anthropometric data can be easily found, as is the case in the application of room and chair designs and work desks. Various sectors have also used Portable Anthropometry, ranging from the education sector, especially industrial engineering and health, the sports sector, the military to the aviation industry and space research.
Get The Most Common Used Anthropometric Tools
The most common used Anthropometric Tools are Anthropometry Chair and Portable Anthropometry. These instruments have used in all sectors, including Occupational Health Sector (OHS). Solo Abadi Indonesia fully supports the Government of Indonesia to create innovations in the application of Occupational Health and Safety (OHS) in various sectors in Indonesia. We are the first Portable Anthropometry manufacturer in Indonesia whose quality has been recognized by various institutions both at home and abroad.