Interior Design is a science that combines aesthetics and function enrichment in the design of spaces based on the ergonomics of the human body. This term is commonly known as human based design. The selection of furniture according to the needs and dimensions of the human body is one example of the application of ergonomics in interior design. To find out more about interior ergonomics and an example of its application, see the following information!
What is Ergonomic Interior ?
Ergonomics comes from the Greek language which means law or work rules. In other words, Ergonomics is the science of the rules or limits of the ability to adjust human interactions physically and non-physically with the surrounding elements by achieving a level of safety and comfort. In summary, ergonomics aims to improve work effectiveness and performance by taking into account human capabilities and weaknesses.
Interior design is one of the many disciplines that adopt ergonomics as a bridge in their theory. Given that this science is directly related to human life, it is therefore important for practitioners to apply ergonomics in their daily lives. If you are reading this article while sitting on a chair, means you are experiencing how ergonomics works on your chair.
The dimensions of the human body or anthropometry affect the design process of a product. The reason is that in every different job, humans form different body postures. Incompatibility of tools or instruments used can cause discomfort to work accidents. That is, the principle of ergonomics is not applied in this case.
Thus, Interior Ergonomics is the application of ergonomic principles and reference to the dimensions of the human body or anthropometry in furniture selection to spatial design.
How important is the role of Ergonomics in Interior Design?
Each room and the instruments contained in it have different standards from one another. Therefore, ergonomics in interior design is important to apply. It’s not just a matter of space, but a practitioner in interior design needs to know what instruments are and how these instruments can improve the performance of individuals or groups living in them.
The selection of furniture in a room plays an important role. The reason is, the most common mistake is choosing furniture that is too big for a limited room, so it will hamper the performance of individuals who live in it or choose a work chair that is too high with a table that is too short.
Some ergonomic factors that must be applied in interior design are the age and size of an individual or group of people who live in it. These two factors determine the strength and posture of the body when performing certain activities. So, before planning, it is necessary to ask the following questions :
- How many people will use the room?
- What about the size and age of the people using the room?
- What is the purpose of the room?
School Chairs and Tables in Japan, Examples of Application of Ergonomics in Interior Design
Japan is one of the countries that implements ergonomic aspects in almost every infrastructure. One of the policies that we highlight is the application of ergonomics to chairs and tables as learning facilities for elementary school children in Japan. Citing research conducted by Ms. Lulu Purwaningrum, S.Sn., M.T., Ph.D. , an ergonomics practitioner who compared the ergonomics of study chairs and desks in Japan with Indonesia, said that when compared to Japan, chairs and tables in Indonesian elementary schools have a very difficult weight to lift for elementary school graders.
The size of the chair that is not in accordance with the age and weight of the child, can result in poor posture and cause physiological effects in the long term. The following is a comparison on the use of study chairs in Japan and Indonesia.
However, Indonesia actually has a law related to learning facilities from the Ministerial Regulation no. 24 of 2007 that school facilities must be based on established ergonomic principles and anthropometric standards. Therefore, it is hoped that the development of ergonomics can be implemented not only on a macro scale but also on a micro scale.
Ergonomic Measurement Tools for Interior Design
Human variability and diversity can be based on anthropometric data obtained through the measurement process. As explained above, Anthropometric measuring instruments are Portable Anthropometry and Anthropometry Chairs. Both can measure the dimensions of the human body starting from the dimensions of sitting and standing, including the dimensions of the face.
The Anthropometry Chair from PT Solo Abadi Indonesia is the first anthropometric chair in the world. With qualified specifications, the Anthropometry Chair has gone through a calibration process that verifies the anthropometric data generated. Not only that, the Anthropometry Chair can measure up to 34 dimensions of the human body.
Portable Anthropometry is an anthropometric measuring tool that can measure up to 100 dimensions of the human body. Unlike the Anthropometry Chair, Portable Anthropometry can be used anywhere because it has a portable design.
Portable Anthropometry and Anthropometry Chairs have been used in various institutions both at home and abroad. These various institutions focus on several scientific fields such as education, government institutions, the military, architecture to forensics.