The field of anthropometric science is very widely related to other sciences. Not infrequently we see anthropometric data used in various fields of science such as ergonomics, medicine, industry, and others.
Anthropometry it self is known as the science used to measure the dimensions of the human body. One of the fields of science that uses anthropometry is product design. This field is closely related to human life, such as designing chair products, tables, household furniture, and technology products. This will be discussed in full in the following article. Check it out to the end!
In the field of engineering, there is a scientific discipline, namely product design. This field is related to the aspect of ergonomics, where later this field is used by humans. For this reason, the relationship between product design and ergonomics is based on physiological and psychological capacity to improve the performance of the system to the product.
Designing products is necessary to avoid human errors when operating products or work tools. Not only that, in designing a product there are factors that must be considered. One of them is the workplace environment such as air temperature conditions, lighting, noise, and so on. This is also related to ergonomics, which will influence on efficiency, comfort, safety, and calmness when working.
Here are other factors to look out for when designing a product:
- Understand in advance the main focus of product design related to anatomical (physiological) structure and dimensions of body size (anthropometry) as a basis for determining the geometric size of the product being designed.
- Using the principles of kinesiology and biomechanics in designing products to avoid inappropriate, irregular, and rigid work movements.
- Consider all the advantages and disadvantages that have a relationship between the physical aspects possessed by humans in the process of designing products.
- Applying all understandings of human psychological aspects as principles that can improve motivation, attitude, morals, satisfaction, and work ethic.
The Relationship Between Product Design And Anthropometry
Comfort when using the product also depends on the suitability between the size of the product and the size of the human being. If it is not suitable, there will be fatigue, body aches, and dizziness. A product designer has a big role to play in reducing the risk of harm from work errors. In some studies it is stated that the causes of work errors are caused by humans. This shows that human error stems from the design of the tool.
That way, the role of anthropometry in designing products is very necessary to reduce the burden or risk of work accidents caused by humans. Anthropometry here is later related to the compatibility of the system of work performed by humans. Therefore, measuring anthropometric data before designing a product plays an important role.
The following anthropometric data needed in designing the most important product are as follows:
Anthropometric data in a standing position is as follows:
- Shoulder height
- Hip height
- Elbow height
- Arm length
Anthropometric data in a sitting position are as follows:
- Knee height
- Folding the back knees
- Seated height
- Folding the knees of the soles of the feet
- Forearm and arm length
Anthropometric data on the head is as follows:
- Hand length
- Palm length
- Hand to a thumb width
- Hand width to metacarpal
- Hand thickness to metacarpal
- Hand circumference to forefinger
- The girth of the hand to the thumb
With anthropometric data that has been obtained correctly, a product designer will use it as a design material that is right on target. A designer will apply the principles of ergonomics to align the use of the product with human activities. The principles that a product designer should have in such anthropometric data are as follows:
- Meet the two product goals, namely that it can be by body size and can still be used with a certain body size
- Products can be used with a specific size range and are easy to operate
- Products have an average size between product design and the average human body size
Designing Products With Precise Anthropometric Data Using Anthropometric Chairs
To get an accurate and precise anthropometric data size, accurate supporting tools are needed. An anthropometric Chair is a tool for measuring the dimensions of the human body simultaneously in a standing or sitting position. This tool can be used to measure up to more than 34-dimensional ranges of the human body.
PT Solo Abadi Indonesia is a provider and manufacturer of anthropometric chairs that are easy to use in various lines of science, one of which is product design. The advantage of our tool is that it is accurate and safe to use. Our tool has been used by various local and international educational institutions. Interested in our anthropometric chair? Just contact us via WhatsApp. You can also make a price quote by filling in the ASK FOR PRICE link.