Anthropometry and its crucial role in various fields are still being used until today. The aim is none other than to support productivity for workers in the industry as well as the endurance of athletes who are competing. Previously, the Solo Abadi editorial team had summarized the role of anthropometry in the field of sports and how this knowledge plays a role in determining the athlete’s body composition. In this article, we will provide an explanation regarding the types of anthropometric measurement data to get to know the basic body structure of athletes.
An athlete’s body composition or the basic body structure of an athlete is the key to an athlete’s performance when competing in various competitions. It is undeniable that athletes often hold matches that are close together, so they are required to have excellent stamina if they want to excel. In fact, an athlete also cannot run from the shadow of an injury that can lurk at any time without being able to be predicted. This is where the science of anthropometry takes a role, through physiotherapy the science of the dimensions of the human body helps athletes to minimize the risk of injury.
Get to know Anthropometry
This term may be foreign to the ears of the common, but the word anthropometry is quite familiar among medical personnel, as well as other special fields. Anthropometry is a word derived from ancient Greek, namely anthros which means human, and metron which means measurement. The two derived words then gave birth to the term anthropometry which means measuring the dimensions of the human body.
Meanwhile, according to the Survey in 2009, anthropometry is a study of measuring the dimensions of the human body from bone, muscle and adipose or fat tissue. Anthropometry also has 2 types of measurement methods, namely static anthropometry and dynamic anthropometry. Static means anthropometric measurements are carried out for body positions in a still or fixed state. For dynamic means anthropometric measurements are made for the position of the body in a state of movement or change.
6 Types of Anthropometric Measurement Data
Previously, there are articles that explains about anthropometry and also the types of anthropometric measurement methods. Next is an explanation of the 6 types of anthropometric measurement data that can be used as a reference in measuring athlete body composition.
1. Linear Dimensions (distance)
The first type of anthropometric measurement data is linear dimensions. What is meant by a linear dimension is the distance between two points found on the human body. The scope of linear dimensions includes length, height, and also the width of the body segment. The width of the body segment referred to is for example the length of the finger, the height of the knee and the thickness of the body’s hips.
2. Body Circumference
The next measurement data is body circumference, the body circumference referred to in this article is precisely the length around the surface of the human body. Examples of body circumference are thigh circumference, stomach circumference, arm circumference and also head circumference.
3. The thickness of the skin layer
Then there is the type of data measuring the thickness of the skin layer. The thickness of the skin layer is precisely done to determine the presence of fat content in the body. This is what then becomes the reference for the level of fitness of the human body, or in this case sports athletes.
The next type of measurement data is angle. This point of view is divided and further classified into two, namely passively and actively. The following is an explanation of the two angle measurements :
- Passive measurement
Performed to determine the tendency of body position when carrying out activities, the results of this measurement can be used as a reference to evaluate the potential risk of abnormalities in the skeletal muscle system.
- Active measurement
In addition to passive measurements, there are active measurements that function to determine body flexibility in the form of the maximum ability of movements of the joint-muscle system. This measurement is widely carried out in studies related to rehabilitation, sports, and also biomechanics.
5. Body shape and contour
Body shape and contour measurement data are needed to design various tools that have a direct relationship with humans. An example of measurement dimensions is the shape of the foot to design shoes that are comfortable or ergonomic for the user.
Apart from shoes, this measurement data is also widely used to determine the shape of various kinds of tools to support daily activities such as household appliances. These devices include clothes, bottles, cooking utensils, sports and fitness equipment, chairs, tables and others.
6. Body Weight
Last but not least of anthropometric measurement data, there is body weight. This measurement is probably the most commonly recognized by the general public and is a benchmark for class classification in a number of sports or sports. Several sports that divide classes based on weight include martial arts, karate, weightlifting, boxing, and wrestling.
Appropriate Anthropometric Measurement Tool for Physiotherapy Diagnosis
The results of anthropometric measurements in determining physioterapy diagnosis must be accurate and precise. So it is necessary measuring tools that support these accurate results. Here is a selection of the best measuring tools that can be used :
Portable Anthropometry Kit for Physiotherapy Department
Metrisis – Anthropometry Chair is an innovative anthropometric measurement instrument that can measure up to 34 dimensions of the human body. This measuring instrument is designed in the form of an adjustable chair to make it easier to measure in a standing, sitting position, as well as measuring facial dimensions.
Metrisis – Portable Anthropometry produced by Solo Abadi Indonesia is an anthropometric measuring instrument derived from an anthropometric chair that is packaged in a portable form, so that the measuring instrument can be moved or carried anywhere easily. Befitting an innovation, portable anthropometry can be used to measure up to 100 dimensions of the human body.
The function of this tool is to carry out anthropometric measurements which are carried out carefully and prioritize data accuracy. This instrument offers measuring capability of up to 100 measurements. Besides that, its portable shape allows this tool to be used unlimited time and can be done anywhere.
Here are the details of the Anthropometry Portable Kit product :
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